How to make small talk in English

Making small talk means: having polite conversation with strangers, either to fill time (while waiting in an elevator for example), before a sales meeting or a negotiation, or with someone that you would like to get to know better. 

When we make small talk we chat about casual topics like the weather, sport, jobs, families, etc. We don't discuss serious topics such as religion, money or politics. 

Useful Phrases: 

Hello! My name is Lara. Nice to meet you! How are you? 
This is used to start a conversation. We greet the person and we ask them if they are happy and well. 

Nice to meet you too! I am fine thanks and you? 
This is a common response to the question "How are you?". We say "and you?" because we want to ask the other person how they are too. 

How is the weather there? OR What's the weather like?
This means "what is the weather" - sunny, rainy, snowy, cloudy, hot, cold, boiling hot very hot), freezing cold (very cold), windy, etc. 
Note: The word "like" in this sentence means "similiar to" - What does chocolate taste like? It tastes sweet. 

What do you do? 
This means "What job do you do?"

I am a teacher
A teacher is a "noun" so don't forget the article. Articles in English grammar are the words a, an and the. Click here for more information about articles.

What are you up to? 
This means "what are you doing now?"

Where do you stay?
This means "where do you live?" - What town, city or country. 

What music are you into?
This means "what music do you like"

Questions to ask people to make friends:

What music do you like? 
What movies do you like?
What books do you like? 
Who is your favourite actor? 
What is your favourite colour? 
Do you have any children? 
What is your city like? 
Do you like your job? 
What languages do you speak? 
What hobbies do you have? 
What do you like to do in your free time?